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Patterns of Time

 

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14th and 15th Centuries Cotehardies and Sideless Surcoats Pattern Discounts Apply !
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14th and 15th Centuries Cotehardies and Sideless Surcoats Pattern

PP21 - 14th and 15th Centuries Cotehardies and Sideless Surcoats Pattern, has 3 cotehardies and 4 sideless surcoats (sizes 6-20). Cotehardies were worn by both sexes of all ages and classes for over 200 years, from England to Bohemia, Norway to Spain. While there were regional variations, the basic cut of the cotehardie was the same throughout Europe. Originally a version of the tunic (Period Patterns #16), cotehardies differed in sleeve cut, variations, and tailor fit. Woman's cotehardies were fitted or even tight to the hips, then flared to the hem. They most often had long tight sleeves. They would be worn over a chemise (Period Patterns no. 90). Men's cotehardies, worn long or short, were initially tight to the hips, with long tight sleeves. They were worn over a shirt (PP43) and hose (PP101), often with hoods. In the first half of the 14th century a major style change occurred. With the invention of curved sleeve caps, gussets under the arm became unnecessary. Puffed chests and full sleeves became fashionable on men's cotehardies by 1350. Sleeveless tunics or surcoats (from the French "sur le cote", i.e. over the cotehardie) were worn by both sexes as early as the 12th century, but with the return of crusaders from the Holy Land the style became wildly popular. The armholes deepened to the waist, then (particularly on woman's surcoats) to the hip, earning the name "sideless surcoats". These worn by women over very tight cotehardies, roused the ire of the church because their revealing cut was considered too seductive -the clergy dubbed these "the Gates of Hell".

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