RH152 - 1700's Gentlemen's Banyan Pattern, Multisized S-XXL. Gentlemen's 18th Century informal, at-home wear. The banyan was worn over shirt, waistcoat and breeches. A banyan (through Portuguese banian and Arabic بنيان, banyān, from the Gujarati વાણિયો, vāṇiyo, meaning 'merchant') is a garment worn by men in the 18th century influenced by Persian and Asian clothing. Banyan is also commonly used in present day Indian English to mean vest (undershirt in American English).
Also called a morning gown, robe de chambre or nightgown, the banyan was a loose, T-shaped or kimono-like cotton, linen, or silk gown worn at home as a sort of dressing gown or informal coat over the shirt and breeches. It was usually paired with a soft, turban-like cap worn in place of the formal periwig. In the humid climate of Colonial Virginia, gentlemen wore lightweight banyans as informal street wear in summer.
It was fashionable for men of an intellectual or philosophical bent to have their portraits painted while wearing banyans. Benjamin Rush wrote: Loose dresses contribute to the easy and vigorous exercise of the faculties of the mind. This remark is so obvious, and so generally known, that we find studious men are always painted in gowns, when they are seated in their libraries. Despite the name "nightgown", the banyan was not worn for sleeping..
Pattern excellent for Colonial Costume, Romance Era Costume, Regency Costume, Lewis and Clarke Era Costume, Wild West Costume, Fur Trade Era Costume, Colonial Military Costume, War of 1812 Military Costume, War of 1812 and Indian Wars costume, Pirates of the Caribbean, Johnny Depp Costume, Will Turner Costume, Orlando Bloom costume, Captain Barbossa’s Costume, Captain Jack Sparrow Costume, Golden Age of Piracy Costume, American revolutionary War costume, and Elizabeth Swann Costume, American revolutionary War costume. Pirates of the Caribbean Impression, cavalier or other pirate impression as well as period accurate colonial.